Preference for Democracy in the Arab World

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2463

Preference for Democracy in the Arab World


  • Mohamad Al-Ississ School of Business, The American University in Cairo, Egypt
  • Ishac Diwan Paris Sciences et Lettres, France, and Harvard Kennedy School, Harvard University, USA


Abstract  We take a new look at the question of the Arab democratic exception by looking at the preference for democracy among individuals in the Arab world in a comparative context. We use the new sixth wave of the World Value Survey, which was collected between 2012 and 2013, and which included for the first time 12 Arab countries (up from only four in wave 5) and 68 non-Arab countries. We innovate empirically by measuring the preference for democracy over strong rule in a way that, we argue, is more adapted to an understanding of the Arab world than other measures used in past studies. Our statistical analysis reveals a democratic gap in the Arab region compared to global experience, which is especially marked among the more educated individuals, and to a lesser extent among the youth and the middle class. We conclude by discussing the reasons that may explain the Arab exceptionalism, and argue that it is unlikely to be related to culture alone.


Keywords  Arab democratic exceptionalism; Arab Spring; democratic values; emancipation; indoctrination


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/pag.v4i4.753