Plowshares or Swords? Fostering Common Ground Across Difference

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-7635

Plowshares or Swords? Fostering Common Ground Across Difference


  • Karen Trapenberg Frick Department of City and Regional Planning, College of Environmental Design, University of California, Berkeley, USA


Abstract  With political polarization challenging forward progress on public policy and planning processes, it is critical to examine possibilities for finding common ground across difference between community participants. In my research on contentious planning processes in the United States, I found four areas of convergence between participants over transportation policy and process related to public process and substantive matters. These convergences warrant planners’ attention because they united stakeholders coming from different vantage points.


Keywords  agonism; agonistic ethos; common ground; conflict resolution; sustainability planning


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17645/up.v2i4.1181


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