The Eco-Techno Spectrum: Exploring Knowledge Systems’ Challenges in Green Infrastructure Management

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-7635

Article | Open Access

The Eco-Techno Spectrum: Exploring Knowledge Systems’ Challenges in Green Infrastructure Management

  • A. Marissa Matsler Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, College Park, USA
  • Thaddeus R. Miller School of Public Policy, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA
  • Peter M. Groffman Advanced Science Research Center at the Graduate Center, City University of New York, USA / Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies, USA

Full Text   PDF (free download)
Views: 1575 | Downloads: 682

Abstract:  Infrastructure crises are not only technical problems for engineers to solve—they also present social, ecological, financial, and political challenges. Addressing infrastructure problems thus requires a robust planning process that includes examination of the social and ecological systems supporting infrastructure, alongside technical systems. An integrative Social, Ecological, and Technological Systems (SETS) analysis of infrastructure solutions can complement the planning process by revealing potential trade-offs that are often overlooked in standard procedures. We explore the interconnected SETS of the infrastructure problem in the US through comparative case studies of green infrastructure (GI) development in Portland and Baltimore. Currently a popular infrastructure solution to a wide variety of urban ills, GI is the use and mimicry of ecological components (e.g., plants) to perform municipal services (e.g., stormwater management). We develop the ecological-technological spectrum—or ‘eco-techno spectrum’—as a framing tool to bridge all three SETS dimensions. The eco-techno spectrum becomes a platform to explore the institutional knowledge system dynamics of GI development where social dimensions are organized across ecological and technological aspects of GI, exposing how governance differs across specific forms of ecological and technological hybridity. In this study, we highlight the knowledge system challenges of urban planning institutions as a key consideration in the realization of innovative infrastructure crisis ‘fixes.’ Disconnected definition and measurement of GI emerge as two distinct challenges across the knowledge systems examined. By revealing and discussing these challenges, we can begin to recognize—and better plan for—gaps in municipal planning knowledge systems, promoting decisions that address the roots of infrastructure crises rather than treating only their symptoms.

Keywords:  Baltimore; ecosystem services; infrastructure crises; integrated planning; interdisciplinarity; knowledge systems analysis; Portland; science and technology studies; social-ecological-technological systems; water management



© A. Marissa Matsler, Thaddeus R. Miller, Peter M. Groffman. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.