What Do We Know about Hybrid Regimes after Two Decades of Scholarship?

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2463

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What Do We Know about Hybrid Regimes after Two Decades of Scholarship?


  • Mariam Mufti Department of Political Science, University of Waterloo, Canada


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Abstract:  In two decades of scholarship on hybrid regimes two significant advancements have been made. First, scholars have emphasized that the hybrid regimes that emerged in the post-Cold War era should not be treated as diminished sub-types of democracy, and second, regime type is a multi-dimensional concept. This review essay further contends that losing the lexicon of hybridity and focusing on a single dimension of regime type—flawed electoral competition—has prevented an examination of extra-electoral factors that are necessary for understanding how regimes are differently hybrid, why there is such immense variation in the outcome of elections and why these regimes are constantly in flux. Therefore, a key recommendation emerging from this review of the scholarship is that to achieve a more thorough, multi-dimensional assessment of hybrid regimes, further research ought to be driven by nested research designs in which qualitative and quantitative approaches can be used to advance mid-range theory building.

Keywords:  authoritarianism; classification of regimes; Cold War; dictatorships; elections; hybrid regime

Published:   22 June 2018


DOI: https://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v6i2.1400


© Mariam Mufti. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.