Associations between the Mixture of Governance Modes and the Performance of Local Public Service Delivery

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2463

Article | Open Access

Associations between the Mixture of Governance Modes and the Performance of Local Public Service Delivery

  • Yin Lei Win Swe Department of Applied Economics, Yangon University of Economics, Myanmar
  • Seunghoo Lim Public Management and Policy Analysis Program, Graduate School of International Relations, International University of Japan, Japan

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Abstract:  Since the Myanmar central government decentralized some of its power to state and regional governments, few studies investigated the performance of local governments, and no studies investigated the relationships between the types of governance modes and the performance of public service delivery. This study investigates the associations between three types of governance—i.e., hierarchy, market, and network—and the multiple performances of agricultural services in terms of the competing public values of efficiency, effectiveness and equity in southern Shan State. The findings indicate that the three types of governance simultaneously coexist in local agriculture departments and that their associations with the performances of public services differ. Network governance is negatively associated with efficiency, effectiveness, and equity during its initial stage, but these associations become positive when the degree of network governance increases in agriculture departments. In contrast, market governance is positively related to effectiveness and equity during its initial stage; however, increasing the degree of market governance further leads to a negative association with both public service values. This assessment of the performance of public programmes in terms of the trade-offs among public service values contributes to improving the local governance of public service delivery not only in Myanmar but also in other developing countries.

Keywords:  agricultural services; governance modes; Myanmar; network governance; policy tools; public service

Published:   25 November 2019

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© Yin Lei Win Swe, Seunghoo Lim. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.