Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2183-2463

Commentary | Open Access

Is R2P a Fully-Fledged International Norm?

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Abstract:  This commentary examines whether R2P is a fully-fledged norm. As a normative aspiration R2P is almost universally accepted. However as a standard of behaviour that states implement as a matter of course R2P is far from fully-fledged. By examining state responses to refugee crises in Syria it is argued that powerful states are failing in their special responsibility to protect.

Keywords:  asylum; atrocity; R2P; special responsibility to protect; Syria



© Jason Ralph, James Souter. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.