Is R2P a Fully-Fledged International Norm?

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2463

Commentary | Open Access

Is R2P a Fully-Fledged International Norm?


  • Jason Ralph POLIS, University of Leeds, UK, and POLSIS, University of Queensland, Australia
  • James Souter POLIS, University of Leeds, UK


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Abstract:  This commentary examines whether R2P is a fully-fledged norm. As a normative aspiration R2P is almost universally accepted. However as a standard of behaviour that states implement as a matter of course R2P is far from fully-fledged. By examining state responses to refugee crises in Syria it is argued that powerful states are failing in their special responsibility to protect.

Keywords:  asylum; atrocity; R2P; special responsibility to protect; Syria

Published:   26 November 2015


DOI: https://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v3i4.319


© Jason Ralph, James Souter. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.