Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2183-2463

Article | Open Access

An Imperfect Firewall: Quebec’s Constitutional Right of Secession as a Device Against Domination

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Abstract:  The idea of including a right of secession in democratic constitutions has been discussed by different political and legal theorists; however, little has been said on the matter from the point of view of democratic-republican political philosophy. This article undertakes this effort by means of a normative analysis of Quebec’s constitutional right of secession, as outlined in the Quebec Secession Reference. This analysis shows how the non-unilateral nature of this right minimises the risks for republican freedom (as non-domination) and inclusion in the Quebec secession conflict, while the fact that it is limited to a national constitutional framework dampens this achievement.

Keywords:  Canada; constitutionalism; democracy; domination; factions; Quebec; republicanism; secession



© Lluís Pérez-Lozano. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.