Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2183-2463

Review | Open Access

The Conditionality of Political Short‐Termism: A Review of Empirical and Experimental Studies

Full Text   PDF (free download)
Views: 414 | Downloads: 340

Abstract:  Political short-termism prioritizes short-term net policy benefits over long-term benefits and thus can hinder policy investments that impose short-term costs to society to address long-term policy challenges. This literature review explores when political short-termism can be driven and mitigated in a democratic system by reviewing empirical and experimental studies and identifying the various factors that can influence policy investments: elections, economic conditions, power-sharing arrangements, partisanship, the presence of compensation schemes, and media coverage among politicians; discounts of future policy benefits, policy trade-offs, political ideology, and socioeconomic and demographic factors among voters; and compliance costs, power-sharing arrangements, compensations, and long-term political signaling from governments among special interest groups. Finally, I discuss the findings and provide suggestions for future research.

Keywords:  democracy; electoral cycles; interest groups; long‐term policymaking; political short‐termism



© Masakazu Ogami. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.