Cross-Scale Linkages of Centralized Electricity Generation: Geothermal Development and Investor–Community Relations in Kenya

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2463

Article | Open Access

Cross-Scale Linkages of Centralized Electricity Generation: Geothermal Development and Investor–Community Relations in Kenya


  • Britta Klagge Department of Geography, University of Bonn, Germany
  • Clemens Greiner Global South Studies Center, University of Cologne, Germany
  • David Greven Department of Social and Cultural Anthropology, University of Cologne, Germany
  • Chigozie Nweke-Eze Department of Geography, University of Bonn, Germany


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Abstract:  Based on a study of Kenya’s geothermal-energy development in Baringo-Silali, we explore how and with whom government actors and local communities in rural and peripheral areas interact when planning and implementing large-scale power plants. Starting from a comparison of decentralized and centralized energy systems, we demonstrate that the development of this large-scale infrastructure project and the associated investor-community relations are governed by various cross-scale linkages. To this end, we adapt the concept of cross-scale linkages from the literature on natural-resource governance to explore actors, rules, and practices at local, regional, national, and international levels.

Keywords:  Baringo; centralized electricity generation; corporate social responsibility; cross-scale linkages; geothermal development; governance; infrastructure; investor–community relations; Kenya

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.17645/pag.v8i3.2981


© Britta Klagge, Clemens Greiner, David Greven, Chigozie Nweke-Eze. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.