Energy Security in Turbulent Times Towards the European Green Deal

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2463

Article | Open Access

Energy Security in Turbulent Times Towards the European Green Deal

  • Odysseas Christou Department of Law, University of Nicosia, Cyprus

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Abstract:  This article presents a theoretical approach to energy security. It incorporates the concept of governing through turbulence as both a response to crisis onset and a source of long-term policy adaptation. The article applies this framework to an empirical analysis of the energy and climate policy of the EU through a review of policy documents in the period between 1995 and 2020. The article presents the evolution in the conceptualization of energy security in EU policy from a narrow definition restricted to characteristics of energy supply to an expanded conception that integrates additional elements from associated policy areas. The article argues that the European Green Deal represents the culmination of this process and concludes that the convergence of energy and climate policy objectives reinforces the trend towards the widened conceptual scope of energy security.

Keywords:  energy; Energy Union; European Green Deal; governance; policy; security; turbulence



© Odysseas Christou. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.