Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2183-2463

Article | Open Access

Voter Disenchantment in the Aftermath of the 2005 EU Constitutional Referendum in France

Full Text   PDF (free download)
Views: 34609 | Downloads: 1247

Abstract:  In a popular referendum in 2005, French voters rejected their country’s adoption of a proposed EU Constitution. Yet, in seeming defiance of the popular vote, the government subsequently proceeded to implement the core of the legislation without consulting the public again. This article empirically examines the electoral impacts of these events. We build a comprehensive fine-grained dataset of nationwide election results for more than 36,000 metropolitan French municipalities. Employing cross-sectional analysis for all national elections held in the decade after the referendum vote, we find that the strength of a municipality’s rejection of the EU Constitution in 2005 is associated with a lower voter turnout, higher shares of blank votes, and larger gains for anti-system parties in subsequent elections. The findings are robust to various modelling choices and the inclusion of a large array of controls. The results indicate that bypassing a popular vote could entail protracted adverse effects on the quality of democratic participation and deliberation.

Keywords:  anti-system politics; electoral participation; EU; EU Constitution; France; party cartelization; referendum


Supplementary Files:


Online discussion: Watch the conversation about this article on Let's Talk About

© Stefan Sliwa Ruiz, Lukas Linsi, Pascal Jaupart. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.