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| Ahead of Print | Last Modified: 6 February 2024
Investigating Party Abroad: Party Origins and Degrees of Formalization
Department of Political and Social Sciences, University of Florence, Italy
Abstract: This article contends that contemporary transnational dynamics have given rise to novel political subjects and territories for political engagement. By looking at how parties as organizational actors operate abroad, this study reworks extant classificatory attempts and proposes an amended typology in which the salient elements of variation are the origin of the party abroad and the degree of formalization. These two dimensions produce a matrix delineating four distinct types of party organization: branch-abroad, organization-abroad in franchising, committee-abroad, and semi-political structures. Conceptually, the typology elucidates the multifaceted nature of the structural approaches employed by home parties in their endeavors to establish connections with communities abroad. Empirically, this contribution enhances the comparability between organizational configurations abroad and extant research on party structures at the national level.
Keywords: communities abroad; party organization; political parties; transnational politics; typology
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