Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2183-2803

Editorial | Open Access

Universalism in Social Policies: A Multidimensional Concept, Policy Idea or Process

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Abstract:  This issue of Social Inclusion takes the dazzling and fuzzy term ‘universalism’ to scrutiny. The editorial introduces different usages of the term in the academic debate. It first discusses universalism as an idea, then as a process, and finally its dimensions. The articles published in this issue are situated in the debate.

Keywords:  de-universalization; liberal welfare regimes; Nordic welfare states; social policy; universalization; universalism; varieties of universalism



© Monica Budowski, Daniel Künzler. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.