Multilingual Education in the Republic of Kazakhstan: Problems and Prospects

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2803

Article | Open Access

Multilingual Education in the Republic of Kazakhstan: Problems and Prospects


  • Nurmira Zhumay Department of Translation Theory and Practice, Faculty of Philology, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
  • Saule Tazhibayeva Department of Translation Theory and Practice, Faculty of Philology, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
  • Azhar Shaldarbekova Department of Turkic Studies, Faculty of International Relations, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
  • Botagoz Jabasheva Department of Translation Theory and Practice, Faculty of Philology, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
  • Ainur Naimanbay Department of Practical Kazakh language, Faculty of Philology, L. N. Gumilyov Eurasian National University, Kazakhstan
  • Aigul Sandybayeva The Eurasian Humanities Institute, Kazakhstan


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Abstract:  The article is devoted to the problem of multilingual education in modern Kazakhstan. Currently, Kazakhstan is fully modernising the education system and introducing a multilingualism policy in the educational process. Experimental sites for multilingual education have been created in several Kazakh universities and secondary schools. The young Kazakhstani generation brought up in independent Kazakhstan is involved in the process of multilingual education. By 2020 it is expected that 100% of the population will speak Kazakh, 95% will also speak Russian and 25% will also speak English. The research results are based on sociolinguistic data that were collected in all regions of the country using sociolinguistic data collection methods.

Keywords:  education system; educational institutions; educational process; Kazakhstan; multilingual education; multilingualism policy; youth

Published:   14 January 2021


DOI: https://doi.org/10.17645/si.v9i1.3561


© Nurmira Zhumay, Saule Tazhibayeva, Azhar Shaldarbekova, Botagoz Jabasheva, Ainur Naimanbay, Aigul Sandybayeva. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.