Open Access Journal

ISSN: 2183-2803

Article | Open Access

Exploring Racial Microaggressions Toward Chinese Immigrant Women in Greater Boston During Covid

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Abstract:  This study was an initial qualitative exploration to (a) capture varied experiences of racial microaggressions directed at Chinese immigrant women before and during Covid and (b) investigate different forms and levels of microaggressions based on socioeconomic status, age, and other characteristics. Racial microaggressions were examined by interviewing 12 foreign‐born, Chinese immigrant women aged 23 to 80 years old, with most of the participants identified as middle class or above. Building upon previous scholarship on racial and gendered microaggressions, an analytical framework was developed using 12 major themes to identify and interpret discriminatory behaviors. Our main findings suggest that the research sample encountered more blatant hate incidents and expressed heightened concern over their physical safety in the post‐Covid period. Young women, compared to their older counterparts, were more inclined to report microaggression episodes and distinguish more subtle forms of discrimination. These findings could serve as preliminary evidence for future research.

Keywords:  Anti‐Asian; anti‐Blackness; Chinese immigrant women; Covid‐related stigmatization; internalized racism; model minority myth; racial microaggression; racism; scapegoating; yellow peril



© Kelly Wing Kwan Wong. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (, which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.