Social Capital and Stratification of Young People

Open Access Journal | ISSN: 2183-2803

Article | Open Access

Social Capital and Stratification of Young People


  • Alireza Behtoui Institute for Migration, Ethnicity and Society (REMESO), Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, 60174 Norrköping, Sweden Department of Social Anthropology, Stockholm University, Universitetsvägen 10, 11418 Stockholm, Sweden


Full Text   PDF (free download)
Views: 2720 | Downloads: 1698


Abstract:  This paper addresses the impact of social capital on the status attainment process of young people at the start of their careers and examines how social class, gender and ethnicity affect the accumulation of social capital and thereby labour market stratification of young people. A sample of young Swedes graduating from vocational schools and universities between 2005 and 2006, was surveyed via the telephone about their experiences acquiring jobs. Two research questions are posed: (i) Which characteristics (class, gender and ethnicity) affect young people's access to more social capital? (ii) How is social capital rewarded in the labour market? The results show that being female, coming from the lower social classes and being a member of a stigmatized immigrant groupare associated with a substantial social capital deficit. When socioeconomic and demographic backgrounds as well as the human capital of respondents are controlled, social capital is positively associated with salary level. The results indicate that social capital is a significant factor in the stratification process of young people.

Keywords:  education; occupation; social capital; young people

Published:   12 August 2013


DOI: https://doi.org/10.17645/si.v1i1.106


© The author(s). This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0), which permits any use, distribution, and reproduction of the work without further permission provided the original author(s) and source are credited.